Internet History Timeline – A Brief History From 1969 To 2016

the Internet has changed the way we live, work, shop and interact with others these days. Can you imagine a day when you cannot use emails, log into Facebook to make a status update or to interact with your family and friends, tweet to your followers and more? No, in today’s world we cannot imagine a day without Internet but before 1969 there was no Internet!

Let us go through a history and timeline of Internet to know how the Intenet came into existence.

internet history timeline

History And Timeline Of Internet

1969

APARNET (Advanced Research Project Agency NETwork) was the first real network by the Department of  Defense to connect four different nodes in different Universities of California and Utah- the University of Utah, the University of California at Santa Barbara, Stanford and the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).

The first message sent across APARNET was supposed to be  “LOGIN”, but the system crashed before “G”and Only “LO” reaches.

 

1970

Donald Davies, a Welshman and a colleague of Alan Turing developed Packet-switched network Mark I to serve the NPL in the UK.

 

1972

Ray Tomlinson at BBN created a first program devoted to electronic mail (email). The concept of name@destination’ is created; Network Control Protocol (NCP) is also introduced to allow computers running on the same network to communicate with each other. Tomlinson sends a first email sent which was a test message, the message was not preserved.

 

1973

Vinton Cerf from Stanford and Bob Kahn from Darpa started work to develop TCP/IP (transmission control protocol/Internet protocol). The System would allow the computers on different networks to communicate with each other.

1974

The System was referred as the Internet for the first time by Cerf and Kahn.

1976

Robert M. Metcalfe developed The Ethernet to connect computers together in a local area network (LAN).

The Internet reaches beyond the US as SATNET, a satellite program, is developed to link the US and Europe.

An email is sent by the Queen Elizabeth II from England via APARNET to promote a new programming language developed by the British ministry of defense.

UUCP (Unix-to-Unix Copy) and UNIX AT&T Bell Labs develops.

1979

The first news group network USENET is developed.

1979

BITNET is being introduced by International Business Machines Corp. (IBM) to work on emails and listserv systems.

1981

CSNET 56 is released by The National Science Foundation (NSF) which allows computers to network without being connected to government networks.

1983

TCP/IP becomes the standard for Internet protocol and Domain Name System is introduced which could be automatically assigned to an IP number.

1984

T1 lines were created by MCI Communications so that information can be transported at a faster rate.

1989

Plans to find a new replacement of the T1 Lines due to heavy traffic.

1989

On June 23 the first link is established between Australia and NSFNET via Hawaii and ARPANET is decommissioned.

1990

T3 line for faster speed is developed by Advanced Network and Services (ANS) and HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is developed.

Archie, the first search engine is created at McGill University, Canada.

1991

CERN introduces the World Wide Web publicly.

1992

The Internet Society (ISOC) is chartered.

1993

The first web browser, Mosaic is released which later becomes the most popular Netscape browser.

1994

The first Internet Bank named First Virtual opens and pizza can be ordered online from The Pizza Hut.

1995

Registration of domain names is no longer free. Netscape launches its first IPO.

1996

The browser war started between Microsoft and Netscape. Internet Service Providers (ISPs) like Sprint and MCI started appearing.

1997

The term “weblog” was coined.

1998

The Google search engine was launched which changed the way people search things online.

1999

Napster was launched which changed files sharing of audio files across the Internet.

2000

The dot-com bubble bursts.

2001

Wikipedia is launched.

2002

Xbox Live was launched by the Microsoft.

2003

The VoIP, Skype was launched. MySpace a popular social networking site was launched. WordPress blog publishing was also created.

2004

Facebook was launched along with the launch of popular social news website Digg.

2005

YouTube is launched.

2006

Twitter launches and the first tweet was “just setting up my twttr”.

2007

Apple releases its first iPhone.

2008

The Internet was used in the US Election in 2008. Google launches Chrome browser and HTML5 is introduced.

2009

Bing search engine by Microsoft is launched.

2010

The U.S government releases its control from ICANN. Popular photo-sharing websites Pinterest and Instagram is launched.

2011

Skype is bought by the Microsoft at $8.5 billion.

2012

Facebook reaches monthly active users of 1 billion.

2013

 

Twitter launches its first IPO.

2014

Facebook buys popular Instant Messaging app Whatsapp for $19bn.

2015

The Internet of Things(IoT) becomes a rage.

2016

The sale of wearable devices grows by more than 18% in the year 2016.

 

One Response

  1. Bhavik Solanki March 27, 2017

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