the Internet has changed the way we live, work, shop and interact with others these days. Can you imagine a day when you cannot use emails, log into Facebook to make a status update or to interact with your family and friends, tweet to your followers and more? No, in today’s world we cannot imagine a day without Internet but before 1969 there was no Internet!
Let us go through a history and timeline of Internet to know how the Intenet came into existence.
History And Timeline Of Internet
APARNET (Advanced Research Project Agency NETwork) was the first real network by the Department of Defense to connect four different nodes in different Universities of California and Utah- the University of Utah, the University of California at Santa Barbara, Stanford and the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).
The first message sent across APARNET was supposed to be “LOGIN”, but the system crashed before “G”and Only “LO” reaches.
Donald Davies, a Welshman and a colleague of Alan Turing developed Packet-switched network Mark I to serve the NPL in the UK.
Ray Tomlinson at BBN created a first program devoted to electronic mail (email). The concept of name@destination’ is created; Network Control Protocol (NCP) is also introduced to allow computers running on the same network to communicate with each other. Tomlinson sends a first email sent which was a test message, the message was not preserved.
Vinton Cerf from Stanford and Bob Kahn from Darpa started work to develop TCP/IP (transmission control protocol/Internet protocol). The System would allow the computers on different networks to communicate with each other.
The System was referred as the Internet for the first time by Cerf and Kahn.
Robert M. Metcalfe developed The Ethernet to connect computers together in a local area network (LAN).
The Internet reaches beyond the US as SATNET, a satellite program, is developed to link the US and Europe.
An email is sent by the Queen Elizabeth II from England via APARNET to promote a new programming language developed by the British ministry of defense.
UUCP (Unix-to-Unix Copy) and UNIX AT&T Bell Labs develops.
The first news group network USENET is developed.
BITNET is being introduced by International Business Machines Corp. (IBM) to work on emails and listserv systems.
CSNET 56 is released by The National Science Foundation (NSF) which allows computers to network without being connected to government networks.
TCP/IP becomes the standard for Internet protocol and Domain Name System is introduced which could be automatically assigned to an IP number.
T1 lines were created by MCI Communications so that information can be transported at a faster rate.
Plans to find a new replacement of the T1 Lines due to heavy traffic.
On June 23 the first link is established between Australia and NSFNET via Hawaii and ARPANET is decommissioned.
T3 line for faster speed is developed by Advanced Network and Services (ANS) and HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is developed.
Archie, the first search engine is created at McGill University, Canada.
CERN introduces the World Wide Web publicly.
The Internet Society (ISOC) is chartered.
The first web browser, Mosaic is released which later becomes the most popular Netscape browser.
The first Internet Bank named First Virtual opens and pizza can be ordered online from The Pizza Hut.
Registration of domain names is no longer free. Netscape launches its first IPO.
The browser war started between Microsoft and Netscape. Internet Service Providers (ISPs) like Sprint and MCI started appearing.
The term “weblog” was coined.
The Google search engine was launched which changed the way people search things online.
Napster was launched which changed files sharing of audio files across the Internet.
The dot-com bubble bursts.
Wikipedia is launched.
Xbox Live was launched by the Microsoft.
The VoIP, Skype was launched. MySpace a popular social networking site was launched. WordPress blog publishing was also created.
Facebook was launched along with the launch of popular social news website Digg.
YouTube is launched.
Twitter launches and the first tweet was “just setting up my twttr”.
Apple releases its first iPhone.
The Internet was used in the US Election in 2008. Google launches Chrome browser and HTML5 is introduced.
Bing search engine by Microsoft is launched.
The U.S government releases its control from ICANN. Popular photo-sharing websites Pinterest and Instagram is launched.
Skype is bought by the Microsoft at $8.5 billion.
Facebook reaches monthly active users of 1 billion.
Twitter launches its first IPO.
Facebook buys popular Instant Messaging app Whatsapp for $19bn.
The Internet of Things(IoT) becomes a rage.
The sale of wearable devices grows by more than 18% in the year 2016.